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美联英语:高中学生常用英语词汇

2015-03-16 15:03   类别:阅读   来源:BBS   责编:Anne

动词短语

1.动词+about

talk about谈论

think about考虑

care about关心,在意

bring about引起,使发生

set about 着手,开始

come about发生

hear about听说

worry about担心

2.动词+away

throw away 扔掉

blow away吹走

carry away拿走,运送

clear away清除掉,消散

die away逐渐消失

pass away 去世

wash away冲走

take away拿走,解除

put away收拾起来,攒钱

give away捐赠,泄露

wear away磨掉,磨损

send away送走

turn away拒绝

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3.动词+back

keep back隐瞒,忍住

hold back控制住,阻挡

call back回电话

look back回顾

give back归还

take back拿回,收回

4.动词+for

run for竞选

ask for要求得到

wait for等候

long for渴望

care for照顾,喜欢

search for搜寻

call for要求,需要

change for用……换

apply for申请

seek for寻找

stand for代表,支持,容忍

hope/wish for希望得到

beg for乞求

look for寻找

hunt for寻找

charge for收费,要价

take for误认为

come for来拿,来取

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5.动词+down

burn down 烧毁

take down记下,记录,拆除

cut down削减,砍倒

pass down 传下去

calm down平静下来

settle down 定居

tear down 拆毁,拆除

break down出故障,身体垮掉,分解

turn down调小,拒绝

slow down慢下来

put down记下,写下,镇压

bring down使……降低,使倒下

come down降落,下垂

6.动词+at

come at 向……逼近

tear at撕扯

look at看,注视

stare at凝视

glance at匆匆一瞥

glare at怒视

knock at敲(门、窗等)

smile at冲某人笑

aim at向……瞄准

wonder at惊讶

shout at冲某人大叫

work at干……活动,研究

laugh at嘲笑

point at指向

strike at向……打击

shoot at向……射击

call at拜访某地

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7.动词+from

differ from与……不同

suffer from受……苦

hear from收到……来信

die from死于

keep/stop/prevent from阻止

learn from向……学习

date from追溯到

result from由于

separate from把……分离开

8.动词+of

think of想到

consist of由……组成

approve of赞成

talk of谈到

complain of抱怨

dream of梦到

speak of 提起

die of死于

hear of听说

become of发生……情况,怎么样

9.动词+off

start off出发

set off出发

leave off中断

show off炫耀

see off送行

put off延期,推迟

cut off切断,断绝

keep off避开,防止

knock off把……撞落

pay off还清

get off出发,使入睡

turn/switch off关掉

take off脱下,起飞

ring off挂断电话

come off脱落,分开

fall off跌落,掉下

go off离开,停止,变坏

break off打断,中断

carry off 带走

give off散发出

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10.动词+on

depend on依靠

insist on坚持

keep/go on继续

put on穿上,戴上,上演

move on 继续移动,往前走

feed on以……为生

take on 雇用,呈现

have on穿着

look on 旁观

rely on依靠

carry on继续进行

spend on在……花钱

call on拜访某人

live on以……为生

bring on使……发展,导致,引起

try on试穿

pass on转交,递给

turn/switch on打开

11.动词+out

break out爆发

point out指出

pick out选出

burst out迸发

carry out 执行,贯彻,实现

hold out坚持,给予希望

figure out 算出

bring out 阐明,使表现出

help out救助

set out出发,着手

wear out穿破,使疲乏

make out 理解,看清

cross out画掉,删掉

find out查出,弄 明白

try out 试用,试验

put out 扑灭

hand out 散发

run out用完

let out泄露,发出声音

turn out 结果是,生产

come out出版,出现,声称

leave out省略,不含

work out算出,想出办法

give out散发,分发,用完

look out当心,提防

speak out大胆讲出

send out发出,派遣

go out 熄灭

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12.动词+in

give in让步,认输

bring in引进,赚得,生产

result in导致

join in参加

get in收获,进入

fill in填写

cut in插嘴

look in短暂探访

hand in上交

drop in顺便访问

succeed in在……获得成功

take in收留,包括

break in闯入,插话

call in召集,来访

persist in顽强地坚持

13.动词+into

look into研究,调查

burst into闯入,迸发

change into把……变成

run into碰到

turn into变成

divide into把……分成

translate into把……译成

14.动词+over

turn over翻倒,细想

go over审阅,检查,研究

get over克服

take over接管,接替

fall over跌倒,摔倒

think over仔细考虑

look over翻阅,检查

run over压死,反复解释

watch over监督,照看

roll over翻滚,转存,延缓付款

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15.动词+to

belong to属于

refer to谈到,涉及,参阅

turn to求助于,查阅

see to处理,料理

reply to答复

object to反对

point to指向

stick/hold/keep to坚持,忠于

come to 共计,苏醒

get to到达

bring to使苏醒

agree to同意

supply to为……提供

add to增添

devote to贡献给

compare to与……相比,把……比作

write to写信给

lead to导致,通向

attend to处理

16.动词+up

grow up 成长,长大

build up建立

put up 建造,安装,住宿,张贴

do up整理,包装,打扮,修缮

get up起床,站起

bring up抚养,呕吐,提出

stay up挺住,熬夜

sit up熬夜

use up用完

lay up积蓄,搁置,卧床不起

cut up切碎,打伤,使悲伤

end up总结

speed up加快速度

clear up整理,收拾,放晴

burn up烧毁

hurry up赶快

keep up保持

send up发射

open up开创,开辟

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break up打碎,分开,结束,解散

give up放弃,献出

set up架起,建立

go up增长,上涨

pick up拾起,学会,用车来接,收听到

turn up开大,找到,出现

take up开始从事,占据,接受

eat up吃完

tear up撕碎

make up化妆,组成,编造

join up联结起来,参军

come up走近,长出,出现

throw up呕吐,抛起

look up查找,找出

catch up赶上

fix up修理,安排,装置

hold up耽搁,使停顿

ring up打电话

divide up分配,分担

17.动词+through

get through通过,干完,接通电话

go through审阅,检查,用完

see through识破

pull through渡过危机,康复

look through 翻阅,浏览,快速查看

put through接通电话,完成

check through核对

18.动词+with

deal with处理,对付

meet with遇到,遭受,和某人会晤

agree with同意,与……一致

combine with与……相联合

do with需要

talk with同……交流

compare with与……相比

equip with以……装备

cover with用……覆盖

end with以……结束

provide with 以……供给

begin with以……开始

supply with以……供给

play with 玩,玩弄

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19.三词及三词以上的短语动词

add up to总计

keep out of使不进入,挡住

keep away from 避开,别靠近

look down on 轻视

put up with忍受

keep up with 赶上

make up for弥补

get on/along with和……相处

get close to接近

get out of逃避,避免

set fire to放火烧

take notice of注意

do well in在……干得好

take a photo of拍……照片

make fun of开玩笑,取笑

get used to习惯于

keep in touch with保持联系

come up with 想出,提出

take pride in为……而自豪

take an interest in对……感兴趣

make a fool of愚弄

take charge of负责

make friends with同……交朋友

take part in参加

catch sight of看见

break away from摆脱,逃离

do away with废除

look up to仰慕,尊敬

catch up with 赶上

run out of用完

go on with继续

look forward to盼望

take hold of握住

get down to认真开始

pay attention to注意

set an example to为……树立榜样

pay a visit to访问

take the place of取代

make use of利用

get into the habit of染上……的习惯

get rid of摆脱

keep an eye on提防

take care of照看

help oneself to随便吃、用

make room for给……让地方

take advantage of利用

take pity on可怜

play a part in 起作用,扮演……的角色

lose sight of看不见

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介词短语

by accident 偶然

on account of 因为,由于

in addition 另外

in addition to 除……之外

in the air 在流行中,在传播中

on (the/an) average 平均,一般来说

on the basis of 根据,在……的基础上

at best 充其量,至多

for the better 好转,向好的方向发展

on board 在船 ( 车、飞机 ) 上

out of breath 喘不过气来

on business 因公,出差

in any case 无论如何,不管怎样

in case of 假使,万一

in case以防 (万一) ,免得

in no case 决不

by chance 偶然,碰巧

in charge (of) 负责,主管

around /round the clock 昼夜不停地

in common 共用,共有,共同

in conclusion 最后,总之

on condition that 在……条件下

in confidence 秘密地

in connection with 关于

in consequence(of) 由于……的缘故

on the contrary 恰恰相反,正相反

in contrast with/to 与……成对照

out of control 失去控制

under control 被控制住

at all costs 不惜任何代价

at the cost of 以……为代价

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in the course of 在……过程中,在……期间

of course 当然,自然,毫无疑问

in danger 在危险中,垂危

out of danger 脱离危险

out of date 过期的、过时的

up to date 最新的

in debt 欠债

in detail 详细地

in difficulties 处境困难

in the distance 在远处

off duty 下班

on duty 值班,上班

on earth 究竟,到底

at all events 无论如何

in any event 无论如何

in effect 有效;实际上

in the event of 万一,倘若

for example 例如

with the exception of 除……之外

in the face of 面对,不顾,即使

in fact 其实,实际上

on fire 着火

on foot 步行

in force 有效;实施中

in favor of 有利于,赞成,支持

in front of 在……面前

in (the) future 今后,将来

on guard 警惕,防范

in general 通常,大体上

in half 成两半

at hand 在手边,在附近

from tip to toe 彻头彻尾,完全

by hand 用手

hand down to 往下传,传给 (后代)

hand in hand 手拉手,携手

in hand 在掌握中,在控制中

on hand 现有

on (the) one hand... 一方面……

on the other hand... 另一方面……

at heart 在内心;实质上

by heart 牢记,凭记忆

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at home 在家,在国内;自在,自如

in honor of 以纪念,向 …… 表示敬意

on one’s honor 以某人的名誉担保

in a hurry 匆忙地,立即

for instance 例如,举例说

at intervals 不时,时时

at last 最终,终于

at least 至少,最低限度

in the least 一点,丝毫

at length 终于,最后;详细地

in(the)light of 考虑到,鉴于

in line 成一直线,排成一行

in line with 与 …… 一致,按照

at a loss 困惑,不知所措

as a matter of fact 其实,事实上

by all means 当然行,没问题

by means of 借助于,用

by no means 决不,一点也不

in memory of 纪念

at the mercy of 在……支配下

by mistake 错误地

at the moment 现在,此刻

for a moment 片刻,一会儿

for the moment 目前,暂时

in a moment 立刻,马上

in nature 本质上

on occasion 有时,不时

in order 秩序井然,整齐

in order to 以便,为了

in order that 以便

out of order 发生故障,失调

on one’s own 独自地,独立地

in particular 特别地,尤其,详细地

in the past 在过去,以往

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in person 亲自

in place 在适当的位置

in place of 代替

in the first place 起初,首先

in the last place 最后

out of place 不相称的,不适当的

on the point 即将 …… 的时候

to the point 中肯的,切题的

in practice 在实际中,实际上

out of practice 久不练习,荒废,生疏

at present 目前,现在

for the present 目前,暂时

in proportion to (与……) 成比例的

in public 公开地,当众

for (the) purpose of 为了

on purpose 故意,有意

with the purpose of 为了

in question 考虑中的,成问题的

at random 随意地,任意地

at any rate 无论如何,不管怎样

by reason of 由于

as regards 关于,至于

with/in regard to 对于,就……而论

in/with relation to 关于,与……相比

with respect to 关于,谈到

as a result 结果,因此

as a result of 由于……的结果

in return 作为报答,作为回报

on the road 在旅途中,到处奔走

as a rule通常,照例

in the long run 最终,从长远来看

for the sake of 为了……的利益

on sale 出售;折价销售

on a large scale 大规模地

on a small scale 小规模地

in secret 秘密地,私下地

in a sense 从某种意义上说

in good shape 处于良好状态

on the side 作为兼职,暗地里

at first sight 乍一看,初看起来

in sight 被看到,在望

out of sight 看不见,在视野之外

in spite of 不管,不顾;尽管,虽然

on the spot 当场,在现场

in step 同步,合拍

out of step 步调不一致,不协调

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in stock 现有,备有

in sum 总而言之

in tears 流着泪,含泪,哭

in terms of 依据,按照

for one thing 首先,一则

on the second thoughts 经重新考虑,一转念

at a time 每次,依次

at all times 总是,随时,永远

at one time曾经有一个时期,一度

at the same time 同时,一起

at times 有时

for the time being 目前,暂时

from time to time 有时,不时

in no time 立即,马上

in time 及时,适

时地

on time 准时

on top of 在 …… 之上

out of touch 失去联系

in truth 事实上,实际上,的确

on try 试穿

by turns 轮流,交替地

in turn 依次,轮流

in vain 徒劳,无效

a variety of 种种,各种

by virtue of 由于,凭借

by the way 顺便提一下,在途中

by way of 经由,通过

…… 方式

in a way 在某点,在某种程度上

in no way 决不

in the way of 关于,就……而言

in one's/the way 妨碍,挡道,在路上

after a while 过了一会,不久

for a while 暂时,一时

on the whole 总的来说

in a word 总而言之

in other words 换句话说,也就是说

at work 在工作,忙于

out of work 失业

in the world 到底,究竟

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形容词短语

be aware of 意识到

be conscious of 意识到

be anxious about 对……感到焦急

be eager for渴望得到……

be thirsty for 渴望得到……

be dying for 渴望得到……

be curious about 对……很好奇

be crazy about着迷于

be fond of喜欢

be keen on喜欢 ,渴望

be tired of讨厌,对……厌倦

be sick of 讨厌,厌恶

be fed up with 讨厌

be particular about 对……很挑剔

be cautious about 对……很谨慎

be sensitive to/about 对……很敏感

be allergic to 对……很敏感

be proud of 对……很骄傲

be ashamed of 对……感到耻辱

be patient with对……有耐心

be strict with sb. in sth.对某人在某方面很严格

be hard on对……很苛刻

be kind/ friendly/ polite/considerate to

对……善良\友好\体贴

be angry with sb. at sth.对……很生气

be grateful/thankful for 对……很感激

be sorry for为……感到难过,遗憾

be generous/mean with 对……很慷慨/吝啬

be responsible for对……很负责

be famous for以……而著名

be familiar with/to熟悉

be popular with受到欢迎

be beneficial to有益于

be harmful to有害于

be good/ bad for对……有好处/有害处

be relevant to与……有关

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be related to与……有关

be connected to/ with 和……有关系/联系

be linked to 和……有关系/联系

be associated with和……有关系/联系

be different from与……不同

be similar to和……相似

be the same as和……一样

be careful of/with认真小心对待

be sure/certain of/about对……有把握

be confident of/about对……有信心

be content with对……满意

be optimistic/pessimistic about对……乐观/悲观

be enthusiastic about对……有热情

be tolerant of 容忍

be happy with 对……满意

be doubtful of/about 怀疑

be skeptical of/about 怀疑

be hopeful about 抱有希望

be guilty of对 ……很愧疚

be ready for为……做准备

be fit for 适合于

be equal to 与……相同/相等/平等

be suitable for适合于

be capable of有能力

be lacking in 缺乏

be short of缺乏

be rich in 含有丰富的……

be high in 含有丰富的……

be abundant in 含有丰富的……

be full of 充满

be weak in在……很弱

be afraid of 害怕

be fearful of 害怕

be free of/from 免于

be independent of 独立于

be senior/junior to级别、地位等 高于/低于

be superior/inferior to 优于 /差于

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be worthy of 值得

be convenient to/for 方便于

be accessible/ available to 易于接近/使用

be interested in 对……感兴趣

be disappointed at/in/with对……感到失望

be pleased with对……感到满足

be astonished/shocked at对……感到惊讶

be embarrassed about对……感到羞愧

be confused/puzzled about 对……感到困惑

be frightened/terrified of对……感到恐惧

be scared/horrified of对……感到恐惧

be experienced at 对……有经验

be engaged in参与;从事于;忙于

be occupied with忙于,专心于

be involved in包括……中,涉及到……

be addicted to对……上瘾;沉溺于

be accustomed to习惯于

be used to 习惯于

be stuck/caught/trapped in被困在……

be covered with被……盖满;充满着……

be filled with被……充满

be surrounded with/by被……围绕

be faced (up)with 面临;面对

be equipped with配备有……;装有……

be armed with用……武装

be furnished with提供,备有

be seated in坐在某处

be dressed (up) in穿着

be concerned about 关心,挂念

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be based on根据,以……为基础

be devoted to专心于/致力于/献身于

be buried in沉思,专心于

be bent on专心致力于

be focused on关注,集中

be concentrated on集中于

be satisfied with对……感到满意

be upset about对……感到心烦

be well-known as/for/to以……身份而闻名/因……出名/为……所熟知

be designed for为……设计

be meant/intended for为……而准备的

be convinced of确信,认识到

be sentenced to判刑

be attached to喜爱,附属于

be amazed/ surprised at对……感到惊讶

be disappointed with对……感到失望

be lost in埋头于,迷失在……中

be located in位于,坐落于

be charged with承担,被控告

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