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美联英语怎么样:全国英语专业四级考试试题(二)

2015-01-29 16:32   类别:真题   来源:   责编:Dong

本期美联英语给大家带来全国英语专业四级考试试题,欢迎阅读!

Part Ⅴ GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY  [15 MIN.]

There are twenty-five sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.

41.    Acute hearing helps most animals sense the approach of thunderstorm s long before people___.

     A. do        B. hear            C. do them          D. hearing it 

42.  This is an illness that can result in total blindness ___ left u ntreated.

     A. after    B. if  C. since D.unless 

43.    The central provinces have floods in some years, and ___.

A. drought in others    B. droughts are others  C. while other droughts  D. others in drought 

44.    Do help yourself to some fruit,___ you?

A. can’t  B. don’t  C. wouldn’t  D. won’t 

45.    There___ nothing more for discussion, the meeting came to an e nd half an hour earlier.

A.  to be          B. to have been        C. being      D. be

46.    My mother can’t get ___ because she has rheumatism (风湿病). 

 A. about          B.on          C.  through          D.  in

47. I  was very much put ___ by Mark’s rude behavior; it really annoy ed me.

     A.over      B.off  C.up          D.by 

48.    You ___ Jim anything about it. It was none of his business.

A. needn’t have told              B. needn’t tell     C. mustn’t have told              D. mustn’t tell 

49.    All of us would have enjoyed the party much more if there___ q uite such a crowd of people there.

     A. weren’t  B. hasn’t been    C. hadn’t been        D.  w ouldn’t be 

50.  Firms that use computers have found that the number of staff ___ quality control can be substantially reduced.

     A.whose      B.as  C.what      D.that 

51.  ___ at in this way, the present economic situation doesn’t seem so gloomy.

  A.  Looking        B.  Looked      C.  Having looked      D.  To look 

52.  Many people are ___ to insect bites, and some even have to go to  hospital.

A. insensitive        B. allergic          C. sensible        D. infected 

53.    When you’re driving on a motorway, you must obey the signs telling you to get into the right ___.

     A.way  B.track      C.road      D.lane 

54.    The motorist had to ___to avoid knocking the old woman down in the middle of the road.

     A. swerve    B. twist    C. depart    D. swing 

55.    In winter drivers have trouble stopping their cars from ___ on icy roads.

     A. skating  B. skidding  C. sliding  D. slipping 

56.    This project would ___ a huge increase in defense spending.

     A. result    B. assure    C. entail    D. accomplish 

57.    The chances of a repetition of these unfortunate events are ___ indeed.

     A. distant  B. slim      C. unlikely  D. narrow 

58.    We should make a clear ___ between ’competent’ and ’proficient’ for the purposes of our discussion.

     A. separation      B. division  C. distinction    D. diffe rence 

59.    In the present economic ___ we can make even greater progress than previously.

     A. air      B. mood      C. area      D. climate 

60.    Rite of Passage is a good novel by any standards;___, it shoul d rank high on any list of science fiction.

     A. consistently    B. consequently    C. invariably      D. fortunately 

61.    The diversity of tropical plants in the region represents a seeming ly___ source of raw materials, of which only a few have been utilized.

     A. exploited      B. controversial  C. inexhaustible  D.  remarkable 

62.    While he was in Beijing, he spent all his time ___ some import ant museums and buildings.

     A. visiting  B. traveling  C. watching  D. touring 

63.    You must let me have the annual report without ___ by ten o’cl ock tomorrow morning.

     A. failure      B. hesitation  C. trouble    D. fail

64.    As the director can’t come to the reception, I’m representing the c ompany

     A. on his account  B. on his behalf  C. for his part    D. in his interest 

65.  Dreams are___ in themselves, but when combined with other data, they can tell us much about the dreamer.

  A.  uninformative                      B.  startling C.  harmless    D.  uncontrollable

阅读理解 A

Part Ⅵ READING COMPREHENSION  [30 MIN.]

SECTION A READING COMPREHENSION[25 MIN.]

 In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished stat ements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one th at you think is the best answer.

Mark your answers on your answer sheet.

TEXT A

 Clearly if we are to participate in the society in which we live we must communi cate with other people. A great deal of communicating is performed on a person-t o-person basis by the simple means of speech. If we travel in buses, buy things in shops, or eat in restaurants, we are likely to have conversations where we gi ve information or opinions, receive news or comment, and very likely have our vi ews challenged by other members of society.

   Face-to-face contact is by no means the only form of communication and during th e last two hundred years the art of mass communication has become one of the dom inating factors of contemporary society. Two things, above others, have caused t he enormous growth of the communication industry. Firstly, inventiveness has led  to advances in printing, telecommunications, photography, radio and television.  secondly, speed has revolutionised the transmission and reception of communicat ions so that local news often takes a back seat to national news, which itself i s often almost eclipsed by international news.

   No longer is the possession of information confined to a privileged minority. In  the last century the wealthy man with his own library was indeed fortunate, but  today there are public libraries. Forty years ago people used to flock to the c inema, but now far more people sit at home and turn on the TV to watch a program me that is being channelled into millions of homes. Communication is no longer merely concerned with the transmission of information . The modem communication industry influences the way people live in society and broadens their horizons by allowing access to information, education and entert ainment. The printing, broadcasting and advertising industries are all involved with informing, educating and entertaining.

   Although a great deal of the material communicated by the mass media is very val uable to the individual and to the society of which he is a part, the vast modem  network of communications is open to abuse. However, the mass media are with us  for better, for worse, and there is no turning back.

66.    In the first paragraph the writer emphasizes the___  of face-t o-face contact in social settings.

A. nature        B. limitation      C. usefulness    D. creativity 

67.    It is implied in the passage that___.

A.    local news used to be the only source of information.

B.    local news still takes a significant place.

C.    national news is becoming more popular.

D.    international news is the fastest transmitted news. 

68.    Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?

A.    To possess information used to be a privilege.

B.    Public libraries have replaced private libraries.

C.    Communication means more than transmission.

D.    Information influences ways of life and thinking. 

69.    From the last paragraph we can infer that the writer is___.

A.    indifferent to the harmful influence of the mass media

B.    happy about the drastic changes in the mass media

C.    pessimistic about the future of the mass media

D.    concerned about the wrong use of the mass media 

 TEXT B

   The men and women of Anglo-Saxon England normally bore one name only. Distinguis hing epithets were rarely added. These might be patronymic, descriptive or occup ational. They were, however, hardly surnames. Heritable names gradually became g eneral in the three centuries following the Norman Conquest in 1066. It was not until the 13th and 14th centuries that surnames became fixed, although for many years after that, the degree of stability in family names varied considerably in different parts of the country.

British surnames fall mainly into four broad categories: patronymic, occupationa l, descriptive and local. A few names, it is true, will remain puzzling: foreign names, perhaps, crudely translated, adapted or abbreviated; or artificial names . In fact, over fifty per cent of genuine British surnames derive from place names of different kinds, and so they belong to the last of our four main categories. Even such a name as Simpson may belong to this last group, and not to the first , had the family once had its home in the ancient village of that name. Otherwis e, Simpson means “the son of Simon”, as might be expected.

   Hundreds of occupational surnames are at once familiar to us, or at least r ecognisable after a little thought: Archer, Carter, Fisher, Mason, Thatcher, Tay lor, to name but a few. Hundreds of others are more obscure in their meanings an d testify to the amazing specialisation in medieval arts, crafts and functions. Such are “Day”, (Old English for breadmaker) and “Walker” (a fuller whose job it was to clean and thicken newly made cloth).

   All these vocational names carry with them a certain gravity and dignity, w hich descriptive names often lack. Some, it is true, like “Long”, “Short” or “Li ttle”, are simple. They may be taken quite literally. Others require more thinki ng: their meanings are slightly different from the modem ones. “Black” and “White ” implied dark and fair respectively. “Sharp” meant genuinely discerning, alert,  acute rather than quick-witted or clever. Place-names have a lasting interest since there is hardly a town or village in a ll England that has not at some time given its name to a family. They may be pic turesque, even poetical; or they may be pedestrian, even trivial. Among the comm oner names which survive with relatively little change from old-English times ar e “Milton”(middle enclosure) and “Hilton”(enclosure on a hill).

70.    Surnames are said to be ___ in Anglo-Saxon England.

A. common      B. vocational      C. unusual      D. descriptiv e 

71.  We learn from the first paragraph ___ for many years after the 13th and 14th centuries.

A.  family names became descriptive and occupational

B.  people in some areas still had no surnames

C.  some people kept changing their surnames

D.  all family names became fixed in England 

72.  “Patronymic” in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to “forme d from ___.

A.  the name of one’s father”      B.  the family occupation” C.  one’s family home”      D.  one’s family history” 

73.  Which of the following sentences is an opinion rather than a fact?

A.  hundreds of occupational names are at once familiar to us.

B.  “Black” and “White” implied “dark” and “fair” respectively.

C.  Vocational names carry with them a certain gravity and dignity.

D.  Every place in England has given its name to a family. 

 TEXT C

  Since the early 1930s, Swiss banks had prided themselves on their system of banking secrecy and numbered accounts.  Over the years, they had successfully w ithstood every challenge to this system by their own government who, in turn, ha d been frequently urged by foreign governments to reveal information about the f inancial affairs to certain account holders.  The result of this policy of secre cy was that a kind of mystique had grown up around Swiss banking.  There was a w idely-held belief that Switzerland was irresistible to wealthy foreigners, mainl y because of its numbered accounts and bankers’ reluctance to ask awkward questi ons of depositors. Contributing to the mystique was the view, carefully propagat ed by the banks themselves, that if this secrecy was ever given up, foreigners w ould fall over themselves in the rush to withdraw money, and the Swiss banking s ystem would virtually collapse overnight.

   To many, therefore, it came like a bolt out of the blue, when, in 1977, the Swiss banks announced they had signed a pact with the Swiss National Bank (the Central Bank).  The aim of the agreement was to prevent to improper use of the c ountry’s bank secrecy laws, and its effect was to curb severely the system of se crecy.

   The rules which the banks had agreed to observe made the opening of numbere d accounts subject to much closer scrutiny than before.  The banks would be requ ired, if necessary, to identify the origin of foreign funds going into numbered and other accounts.  The idea was to stop such accounts being used for dubious p urposes. Also they agreed not to accept funds resulting from tax evasion or from crime.

   The pact represented essentially a tightening up of banking rules. Although the banks agreed to end relations with clients whose identities were unclear or who were performing improper acts, they were still not obliged to inform on a client  to anyone, including the Swiss government. To some extent, therefore, the princ iple of secrecy had been maintained.

74.    Swiss banks took pride in___.

A.    the number of their accounts

B.    withholding client information

C.    being mysterious to the outsiders

D.    attracting wealthy foreign clients 

75.    According to the passage, the widely-held belief that Switzerland w as irresistible to wealthy foreigners was ___ by banks themselves.

A.    denied      B.      criticized        C.    reviewed  D.    defended 

76.    In the last paragraph, the writer thinks that___.

A.    complete changes had been introduced into Swiss banks

B.    Swiss banks could no longer keep client information

C.    changes in the bank policies had been somewhat superficial

D.    more changes need to be considered and made 


 TEXT D

 Coketown was a town of red brick, or of brick that would have been red if the sm oke and the ashes had allowed it; but as matters stood it was a town of unnatura l red and black like the painted face of a savage. It was a town of machinery an d tall chimneys, out of which smoke trailed themselves for ever and ever. It had a black canal in it, and a river that ran purple with ill-smelling dye, and vas t piles of buildings full of windows where there was a rattling and a trembling all day long, and where the piston of the steam-engine worked monotonously up an d down like the head of an elephant in a state of madness. The town contained se veral large streets all very like one another, and many small streets still more  like one another, inhabited by people equally like one another.

   A sunny midsummer day. There was such a thing sometimes, even in Coketown. Seen from a distance in such weather, Coketown lay covered in a haze of its own. You only knew the town was there, because you knew there could have been no such blo tch upon the view without a town.

   The streets were hot and dusty on the summer day, and the sun was so bright that  it even shone through the haze over Coketown, and could not be looked at steadi ly. Workers emerged from low underground doorways into factory yards, and sat on posts and steps, wiping their faces and contemplating coals. The whole town see med to be frying in oil. There was a stifling smell of hot oil everywhere. The a tmosphere of those places was like the breath of hell, and their inhabitants was ting with heat, toiled languidly in the desert. But no temperature made the mad elephants more mad or more sane. Their wearisome heads went up and down at the s ame rate, in hot weather and in cold, wet weather and dry fair weather and foul.  The measured motion of their shadows on the walls, was the substitute Coketown had to show for the shadows of rustling woods; while for the summer hum of insec ts, it could offer all the year round, from the dawn of Monday to the night of S aturday, the whirr of shafts and wheels.

77.    Which of the following adjectives is NOT appropriate to describe Co ketown?

A. dull                        B. dirty    C. noisy                        D. savage 

78.    From the passage we know that Coketown was mainly a(n) ___town .

A. industrial        B. agricultural          C. residential  D. commercial 

79.  Only ___ were not affected by weather.

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